What are Phytocannabinoids and how do they Affect the Human Body

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that interact with the body's Endocannabinoid System. Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that occur naturally in the cannabis plant. There are over 100 different cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, but the most well-known and studied are CBD and THC. Cannabinoids have been shown to have a wide range of health benefits, including relief from pain, nausea, anxiety, and depression. They can also help improve sleep, boost appetite, and reduce inflammation. Recent studies have shown that cannabinoids derived from hemp plants could offer a variety of health benefits. Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that come from plants, and scientists have identified more than 100 different phytocannabinoids in cannabis and hemp plants.

In this article, we will explore the different types of cannabinoids and their potential benefits.

What are Phytocannabinoids?

Phytocannabinoids are a class of cannabinoids that are found in cannabis and hemp; these are compounds that have been studied for their therapeutic benefits in the past. As of now, there are 113 cannabinoids found in cannabis and hemp, and more than 100 of these are phytocannabinoids. These cannabinoids are found both in the leaves and flowers of the plant., Cannabis is a source of cannabidiol (CBD), which is a phytocannabinoid that has been studied for its medical properties and is commonly known as a cannabis-derived cannabinoid. CBD, the second most abundant compound found in the extracts of cannabis and hemp, has been shown to be anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-spasmodic. Scientists believe CBD may be effective in the treatment of a wide range of conditions, including pain, anxiety, depression, and inflammation., In contrast to other cannabinoids, CBD is non-psychoactive.

The Little Known Health Benefits of Phytocannabinoids

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a naturally-occurring compound that is found in cannabis. It belongs to a family of compounds called cannabinoids or, more specifically, phytocannabinoids (phyto = plant). There are over 100 different phytocannabinoids and hemp provides a primary source. Common plants that contain phytocannabinoids include oregano and basil., Aside from CBD, the most well-known of the phytocannabinoids is tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. THC, which you may be aware, is the psychoactive compound found in marijuana that makes you high.,What You Need to Know: It is important to clarify that CBD and the other phytocannabinoids are not psychoactive and will not make you high.

Phytocannabinoids are found in the cannabis and hemp plant and its various strains of cannabis that have been used throughout history for medicinal and recreational purposes. .

The Importance of Phytocannabinoids in the Human Body. 

 Phytocannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant. They were first discovered in the 1970s and have been shown to possess many therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and pain-relieving effects. Phytocannabinoids are known to produce the “entourage effect” because they work together with other compounds in the plant to create a more potent, effective treatment. The three main types of cannabinoids found in cannabis include THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD (cannabidiol), and CBG (cannabigerol).

Delta-9-THC

THC is responsible for most of the psychoactive effects experienced by marijuana users, while CBD has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties that could potentially reduce pain and inflammation. CBG is also present in small amounts but has not yet been studied for its medical benefits. 

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most well-studied phytocannabinoid. It's been used for decades to treat various medical conditions, from pain and inflammation to appetite. While THC is the main cannabinoid in cannabis, there are numerous other cannabinoids with unique therapeutic properties. The body produces its own endocannabinoids such as anandamide. Delta-9-THC, also known as dronabinol, is the best-known derivative of THC. It mimics the effects of anandamide and can be used as a medication to treat nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy, as well as to control neuropathic pain. It is particularly effective in treating chronic pain, especially in cases where patients are resistant to other medications. CBD. CBD is a phytocannabinoid produced in the cannabis plant.

THCA

THCA is a less well-known cannabinoid than THC, but it can be found in other cannabis strains. It has been shown to be more effective at relieving pain than CBD, which is why it is often used in combination with other cannabinoids to alleviate pain. While THC is known for its uplifting effects, THCA is known for its sedating properties.

CBD

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has gained popularity among medical practitioners and consumers alike. CBD appears to have anti-inflammatory properties and has been found to be effective in treating anxiety, seizure disorders, and psychosis. CBD may also prove beneficial in the treatment of autoimmune disorders, such as multiple sclerosis and type I diabetes.

Cannabidiol is another cannabinoid that interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors. Due to the low levels of THC it contains, CBD is an ideal choice for those who wish to avoid intoxication. CBD is also known for its anti-inflammatory properties, and it is thought to be especially effective in treating pain., CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant using a method called CO₂ supercritical fluid extraction. This process makes use of a solvent that is carbonated carbon dioxide at very high pressure and a low temperature.

CBDA

Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has gained a lot of interest in recent years. CBDA is found in small quantities in the raw cannabis plant and has been shown to have some anti-inflammatory properties. CBDA has also been found to be effective in reducing anxiety.

Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) turns into CBDA through decarboxylation (heating). If you're juicing raw cannabis or consuming the plant in any other raw form, you are ingesting CBDA and not CBD. The effects of CBDA are still being investigated by scientists, however, animal studies suggest it could be an effective anti-tumor, anti-nausea, and anti-inflammatory agent.

CBG

CBG is a precursor to THC and is a naturally occurring compound in the raw cannabis plant. Cannabigerol (CBG) is a cannabinoid that is found in trace amounts in the cannabis plant. It may also be extracted from the plant. It is not psychoactive but has been shown to be a powerful anti-emetic. It is also an appetite stimulant and a pain reliever. 

Minor Cannabinoids

Minor Cannabinoids are a group of cannabinoids that have been found to possess some therapeutic potential. The cannabinoid compounds in this group include cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN). Minor cannabinoids are important for pharmacological research, because they are not psychoactive, unlike major cannabinoids such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which causes the user to get high.

Minor cannabinoids have been found useful for treating certain medical conditions, including pain and muscle spasms.

CBDA

Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) is a major metabolite of CBD, but unlike CBD, CBDA has not been found to be psychoactive. In addition to acting as an antagonist of the CB1 receptor, this compound has been shown to act as a weak partial agonist of the CB2 receptor and may also contribute to an anti-inflammatory effect. There is also some evidence that CBDA can increase levels of anandamide, a cannabinoid that is associated with pain reduction.

CBN

Cannabinol (CBN) is a cannabinoid that is found in trace amounts in the cannabis plant. It may also be extracted from the plant. It is not psychoactive but has been shown to be a powerful anti-emetic.

CBDV

Cannabidivarin is the second most common cannabinoid found in the raw cannabis plant. Studies on CBDV have shown it to be anti-inflammatory and anti-analgesic. Cannabidivarin is the second most common cannabinoid found in the raw cannabis plant.

CBDVa

CBDVA is a cannabinoid found in both marijuana and hemp plants. It's a metabolite of plant-produced CBGVA. CBDA is a metabolite of CBDVA. CBDA is a cannabinoid found in both marijuana and hemp plants. It's a metabolite of plant-produced CBGVA.

CBG

Cannabigerolic acid (CBG.) is a cannabinoid precursor that is not psychoactive in its own right but converts to CBD and THC under decarboxylation. CBGVA is found in the raw cannabis plant but is often destroyed during the decarboxylation process.

CBGVA

Cannabigerovarinic acid (CBGVA) is a cannabinoid precursor that is not psychoactive in its own right but converts to CBD and THC under decarboxylation. CBGVA is found in the raw cannabis plant but is often destroyed during the decarboxylation process. Cannabigerovarinic acid (CBGA) is a precursor to the cannabinoids CBD and CBG. CBGA weakly binds to CB1 receptors. It is found in very small amounts in cannabis but in much larger quantities in the seeds of hops.

CBN

Cannabinol (CBN) is a cannabinoid that is not psychoactive in its own right but converts to THC under decarboxylation. CBN is a byproduct of THC decarboxylation. It is also a component of cannabis resin. CBN is a cannabinoid that has been isolated from cannabis. CBN also converts into THC when decarboxylated (by heat). CBN is being investigated as a potential treatment for epilepsy.

THCV

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is a decarboxylated form of THCV. Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is a decarboxylated, non-psychoactive cannabinoid. THCV acts on a subset of the CB1 receptors, unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors. The ability of THCV to bind with the two types of cannabinoid receptors may explain its potential anti-inflammatory properties and analgesic effects.

CBNVA

Cannabineamide (CBNVA) is a decarboxylated form of CBNVA. CBNVA is a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in cannabis. CBNVA has been shown to be psychoactive in animals but the exact mechanism of action is unknown.

CBDVL

Cannabidiolic acid (CBDVL) is the acidic form of CBDVL. Cannabidiolic acid (CBDVL) is the acidic form of CBDVL. Cannabidiolic acid has been found to have potent antimicrobial activity against gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, while also being active against fungi such as Candida albicans.

CBC

Cannabichromene (CBC) comes from the parent compound CBGA but converts to CBC when exposed to heat. CBD does not bind to cannabinoid receptors, and further research is needed to understand its interactions.  CBC does not cause psychoactivity.  CBC has been found to act as an anti-depressant, antibacterial, pain reliever, and help with acne.

Delta-8-THC

Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-8-THC) is the most potent of the non-intoxicating cannabinoids. Delta-8-THC is also known as 'the entourage cannabinoid.' It has been shown to exhibit anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-cancer effects. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the second most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis. 

What Is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a naturally-occurring, regulatory system found in our body. It works with our nervous system and the endocrine system to, among other important functions, maintain homeostasis or balance. The ECS regulates our body's nervous, immune, and endocrine systems, and is responsible for our body's ability to regulate sleep, pain, appetite, mood, memory, and stress.  Endocannabinoids are naturally-occurring cannabinoids that are produced on demand by our own bodies. The ECS's goal is to maintain homeostasis, or balance by sending signals to the brain to stop eating when you are full, to stop producing stress hormones when it is time to rest, to stop your immune system when it is overactive, and to keep your stress hormones in check.

Phytocannabinoids Help Reduce Inflammation & Pain

Although inflammation and pain are both complex conditions that can be exacerbated by a number of factors, phytocannabinoids, when used at recommended dosages, have been shown to reduce inflammation and inflammation-induced pain.  It is important to note that inflammation and pain are complex conditions that can be exacerbated by a number of factors. Although phytocannabinoids, when used at recommended dosages, have been shown to reduce inflammation and inflammation-induced pain, they are not a cure for these conditions.

What are endocannabinoids? 

Endocannabinoids are naturally occurring molecules that are produced by the body. They are produced in response to certain conditions or stimuli and act as signaling molecules to maintain homeostasis. Phytocannabinoids are a family of compounds that have been shown to mimic the effects of endocannabinoids.

Endocannabinoids are a class of lipid-derived compounds that bind to cannabinoid receptors found in the body. These lipids, known as cannabinoids, work by mimicking some of the effects produced by THC (a.k.a., tetrahydrocannabinol) and other substances which activate cannabinoid receptors in the brain, such as anandamide and 2-AG.

The Takeaway

The phytocannabinoid compound found in the cannabis plant has many different positive effects on the human brain and body.  It is important to understand the complex compounds of the cannabis plant and how they interact with our natural receptors that were literally designed to receive and respond to the medical effects of the cannabis plant.  

There are over 113 cannabinoids and terpenes in the cannabis plant. Some of these compounds interact with our bodies almost instantly, while others take weeks to show their effects.  The cannabinoid researchers at GW Pharmaceuticals believe that they have found a new class of cannabinoids called GWP42006, which is among the most effective drugs on the market today.

Citations

http://www.theweedblog.com/cannabinoids-are-not-the-same-thing-as-the-cannabis-plant/,http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320048.php,http://www.cannabis-oil-news.co/cannabis-pharmacology-the-cannabis-plant-and-cannabinoids/,http://www.cannabisnews.com/news/20/thread2153.shtml,http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24247571,http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22458704,http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23271496,http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.

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